The First Tea Planter Of Assam – Maniram Dewan

Maniram Dewan was Assam’s first tea grower, and his ingenuity helped turn India into a tea-loving nation during the rebellion of 1857. He was the establisher of tea plants in China Mara in Jorhat as well as at Singlou in Sibasagar district. 

Time to know about him

Maniram Dewan also known as Maniram Dutta Barua as well as Maniram Bhorbhandar Barua. He was born on 17 April 1806. Maniram participated in the uprising of 1857. Dewan had a successful hand in making Indian a nation of chai lovers. 

Maniram was born in the Assam Jorhat district. Kaushalya provides us with this brave revolutionary as well as a tea lover. Dewan’s father’s name was Rama Dutta. His ancestor preceded from Kanauj to Assam in the 16th century. Maniram’s ancestors held an esteemed position in the Ahom Kingdom. He owned the Assam tea company. He originally belonged to the Kayastha family. 


Maniram was appointed as a Tahsildar at the age of 22. He became a point of contact for administration matters of the region. His proficient working lead him to knack business cemented a place in East Indian Company (EIC). The British colony was exploiting him, and as soon as he learned of it, he took action against them. As they were smuggling tea from Assam to China in the mid-19 century. He tried to broke the monopoly they had built. 

As the great power describes, tribe chief Bessam Gam demonstrated the brewing process by hand to Robert in his bamboo hut in 1823. He cut a small part of the pack, boiled it in hot water until as well as unless the color of the water changed to brownish-orange. 

Secret Myth Behind Establishment of Tea Committee

Tea Committee was established in 1834. The tea plantation of NaziraSibasagar elevated him after four years to the post of Dewan. During his working time, he worked with full devotion which leads to a great boost to Tea plantation. But after a decade when he left the job all went downstream.   As He didn’t agree to the policies of the British Colony, the exploitative methods of processing tea, including the unfair taxes as well as land grabbing. This all grabs him to the conclusion to resign his job. 

Between the period of 1843 and 1844, Maniram established as well as promoted a tea plantation at chinemore garden in Jorhat. This was unbearable to the British so they ganged up against him which made his soul more patriotic. He tried very hard to start sipahi vidroh in Assam in times of 1857. In the year August the leader of the Ahom tribe, Kanderpeswar promised him to provide sought financial benefits to Sepoys, if they helped him attain his region back. Dewan was hanged to death on 26 February 1858. 

Maniram had done a great help to tea planters as well as the nation as well as cracked notable work in Buranji Bibekratana in 1838. He is even not afraid of his death. 

Remarkable working 

In Guwahati, the Maniram Dewan Trade Centre and Dibrugarh University’s Maniram Dewan Boys’ Hostel honor the tale. In 2012, the Planning Commission Deputy Chairman Montek Singh Ahluwalia announced that he planned to declare tea as the national drink of India to celebrate Maniram Dewan’s 212th birth ceremony. 

The movie based on him 

An Assamese film by the name of Maniram Dewan is available online. S. chackravarty is the director. Bishnuram Medhi wrote in the introductory section of KN Dutt’s book “landmark of freedom struggle in Assam”.

The Success story of Maniram dewan is making the biggest impact on people’s life.

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